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Leg
...  of bipedalism. This refers to the movements that are created by our legs. The human legs are composed of several muscles and bones. Among the major bones found in the human legs are the femur, tibia, patella, and fibula. The femur is the bone located in the thighs and it is the bone that connects to the pelvis. This forms the hip joint, which meets the shin of the lower legs at the joint  ...

Arteries of the Pelvis
...  then divides into two new arteries: the posterior and the anterior tibal artery. Each of these arteries supply blood to the region assigned to them; these regions include the muscles surrounding the tibia and the muscles that extend downwards through the foot. Once the artery reaches the ankle region, it converges and becomes the dorsal pedal artery, which is primarily responsible for supplying  ...

Lower Extremity Veins
...  Compared to the deep veins, superficial veins have fewer valves, but deep veins run in a manner that is parallel to the corresponding artery, serving the same organs. The posterior and anterior tibial veins of the foot track up the knee’s posterior and anterior region. These regions then combine, creating the popliteal vein. This vein receives the blood from the knee- oxygen depleted  ...

Crural Muscles
...  which is to be grouped into two namely: the deep group and the superficial group. Muscles belonging to the deep group are the popliteus, flexor hallucis longus, the flexor digitorum longus and the tibialis posterior. The plantaris, soleus, and the gastrocnemius muscles belong to the superficial group. The Popliteus The popliteal muscle on the other hand, is a part of the foot that is situated  ...


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