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Prostate Cancer
...  prostate, an organ found only in the reproductive system of males, is a tiny gland that resembles the shape of a walnut. It is the one responsible for semen production that is responsible for lubrication. The attack of malignant or cancerous cells in this part of the body is called the prostate cancer. The occurrence of this condition has been rising fast nowadays though its survival rate is  ...

Oophorectomy
...  Is Oophorectomy? Oophorectomy is a prophylactic surgical procedure that involves removing an ovary or ovaries from a woman’s reproductive system. The word prohylactic is used as the intention of the surgery is to prevent, rather than cure a medical condition. Hence, surgery is always the medium used by doctors to stop the condition from worsening. However, there are some instances  ...

Menstrual Cycle
...  and pains associated with menstruation are normally tolerated by women and can be treated with painkillers. However, when there is heavy and prolonged bleeding, it could be a sign of a problem with reproductive system. It is always wise to seek the advice of a gynecologist. A woman of reproductive age should have yearly check-ups done where tests and a pelvic examination is done. Most  ...

Hypogonadism
...  crop up. There are many causes of infertility and one of them is a condition called Hypogonadism. But there is more to this condition than being just the cause of it. Hypogonadism is a defect of the reproductive system wherein there is a lack of function of the sex glands of men (testes) and women (ovaries). In medical parlance, it is also known as Gonadal Deficiency. Gonads play two major  ...

Cervicitis
...  can be detected and makes it advisable for women with any kind of sexually transmitted infection or disease to undergo regular gynaecological checkups and screenings to ensure the health of their reproductive system. However, there are rare cases when the symptoms of cervicitis manifest. These symptoms come in the form of bleeding between menstrual periods and after menopause, changes in the  ...

Amenorrhea
...  medical conditions. Primary amenorrhea may be a symptom of pituitary disease, a problem in the hypothalamus, missing reproductive organs, hormonal imbalance, or structural abnormalities in the reproductive system. On the other hand, secondary amenorrhea may be caused by contraceptives, breast feeding, or simply pregnancy. In cases where the woman is not pregnant, amenorrhea is usually a  ...

Prostate
...  prostate is a very important organ of the male reproductive system that makes person a man. Its main function is to keep and secrete a slightly alkaline fluid, white-milky in colour that is the part of semen. Generally, it constitutes 25-30% of the volume of the semen along with spermatozoa and seminal vesicle fluid. This prostatic fluid has longer survival and better protection of the  ...

Ductus Deferens
...  Ductus Deferens is also termed as the vas deferens and it forms part of the male reproductive system of humans as well as some kinds of species. There are a couple of ducts that can be found in it which are all muscular tubes that are surrounded by smooth muscles. It connects to the right and left epididymis and moves sperm by way of the ejaculatory ducts. In humans, each of the tubes is  ...

Seminal vesicles
...  of the most important tasks of the male reproductive system is the production of liquid which is termed as seminal fluid. This is the one that goes out with the sperm when it is propelled towards the outside of the body during ejaculation. In many mammals, including humans, the majority of the seminal fluid is produced on the seminal vesicle. The organ is composed of two vesicles, which are  ...

Spermatozoa
...  male reproductive system is composed of the following: male gonads or testes, epididymis, vas deferens, prostate gland, ejaculatory duct, seminal vesicle, penis, corpus cavernosum, and the urethra. The penis and the testes are the major reproductive organs of man, while the rest are part of the reproductive process. The vas deferens acts as the passageway of the sperm from the testes to the  ...


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