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Blood

...  or 5 thicker than water. Blood temperatures within the body are about 100.4 degrees Fahrenheit, or 38 degrees Celsius. Blood is segregated into two basic divisions - the cellular components and the plasma. About 45% of the total blood volume of the human body is made up the cellular elements. The major elements of blood are the red blood cells, the white blood cells and the platelets, i.e the  ...

Nephron

...  the low molecular weight substances in the blood, like water and electrolytes, are filtered in the bowman’s capsule. Due to the thin lining of the structure and the fenestrations present, the plasma enters the renal tubules. However, the blood cells move to the efferent arteriole at once because they are too large to pass through the bowman’s capsule. Renal Tubule Re-absorption The  ...

Fetal Circulation

...  maternal hemoglobin. The difference allows a diffusion of oxygen from the mother's circulatory system to the fetus. The placenta acts as the respiratory center for the fetus. It also filters for plasma nutrients and wastes. The uterine arteries carry oxygenated blood to the placenta and permeate the sponge-like material there. Oxygen then diffuses from the placenta to the chorionic villus  ...

Neurons

...  to other neurons and adds to the cell body’s surface area. Meanwhile, dendritic zone is the term for the exclusive area of the dendrites within the cell. - The axon is the second type of plasmatic extension of the cell. It is similar to a dendrite- only elongated. Some say that its shape is similar to a finger, and it is responsible for the sending of impulses from the cell body. Its  ...