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Myelodysplastic Syndrome
...  neutropenia and anemia, which is the most common sign of all. Thus, a person having MDS could also feel fatigue and lightheadedness. If the anemia progresses, it would as well cause tachycardia, mucosal and skin membrane pallor, and congestive heart failure. There could also be bleeding underneath the skin because of ecchymoses and petechiae. Patients would also be susceptible to gum and  ...

Esophagus
...  found in the esophagus that is responsible for the expulsion of the contents of glandular crypts as well as the enhancement of the contact between the epithelium and the contents of the lumen. Submucosa, which contains the esophageal glands or secreting glands that supports the mucusa and combines the mucosa to the smooth muscle. Muscularis externa, which is responsible for the control of  ...

Stomach
...  of factors, such as the absence and presence of the food. So what stops the stomach from digesting itself or from auto-digestion? It is the production of bicarbonate- rich solution which covers the mucosa or the inner layer of the stomach. The bicarbonate solution neutralizes the hydrochloric acid as well as other acids that are secreted by the parietal cells. This is made possible because  ...

Lymphoid Organs
...  antigen. Examples of secondary or peripheral lymphoid organs include adenoids, the tonsils, lymph nodes, Peyer’s patches, the spleen, and even the skin, among others. All of these form the mucosa-associated lymphoid tissues. What are tertiary lymphoid organs? The tertiary lymphoid tissue usually contains less number of lymphocytes. It plays an important role during inflammation.  ...

Large Intestine
...  tunics, although they do have quite a few differences. The large intestine is marked by the absence of intestinal villi, and the presence of ample goblet cells that produce protective mucous in the mucosal layer. Along the large intestine, the muscularis layer has three bands referred to as taeniae coli. A lot of bulges called haustra or sacculations are found, too. Epiploic appendages -  ...

Small Intestine
...  by opening or closing the duodenal papilla, whenever necessary. This portion of the small intestine features the duodenal glands, also known as the Brunner’s glands, which are placed along the mucosa. The tubualveolar glands, found in the major part of the duodenum, secrete mucous. The small intestine’s second segment is called the jejenum. It measures 3 feet in lenght, and it  ...

Tunics
...  and they extend from the esophagus to the anal canal. Each tunic is lined with specialized tissues that are important to digestion. The gastrointestinal tract’s most internal tunic is the mucosa. The other three tunics are (from the next most interior to the exterior) the sub-mucosa, the muscularis and the serosa. The mucosa The mucosa is a lining that is situated along the lines of  ...

Uterine Tubes
...  to reach the uterus. The biggest part of the fallopian tube is known as the ampulla. The wall that houses the uterus is covered with three layers of histological material. The lumen’s internal mucosa lines are created by multiple folds of cilia laden columnar epithelium. The muscularis is the middle layer that’s covered by smooh muscle tissue, and filled with a circular layer of the  ...


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