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Baclofen
...  drug. Also, it is helpful for people who are suffering from spastic diplegia (a certain type of cerebral palsy), multiple sclerosis (a chronic disease that inflames the nervous system), amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (also known as Lou Gehrig’s Disease), and trigeminal neuralgia ( a condition that directly affects the nerves of the facial muscles). A derivative of the neurotransmitter  ...

Oophorectomy
...  patient is in good physical condition to undergo surgery. When the intention for an oophorectomy is to minimize the risk for cancer, both ovaries are removed in a surgical procedure that is called Bilateral Oophorectomy. However, with young women who have not had a chance to bear children and start a family, doctors do take a special consideration and may agree to perform a Unilateral  ...

Axon
...  central nervous system. These are some significant parts related to the axon Related parts The axon hillock is where the axons leave the cell body. When the body needs them, the formation of collateral axons occur. These are axons resulting from the branching of the original axons. Schwann cells, on the other hand, are neuroglia, which form protective coverings in the form of myelin  ...

Sympathetic Division
...  Sometimes, in extreme instances, people are prompted to urinate or defecate because of this. The sympathetic nervous system or division works through both the sympathetic chain ganglia and the collateral ganglia, which is responsible for a person’s response to these situations. Because of this, a person who could not ordinarily carry a refrigerator can now carry one because of these  ...

Neck Muscles
...  to the torso of the body. The purpose of the neck muscles is either to allow for neck movement or to provide structural support for the head. The motion is either rotation, meaning side-to-side; lateral flexion, meaning ear to shoulder; flexion, meaning chin to sternum; and hypertension, meaning looking up. Here is the list of muscles in the neck and head area: Longus colli and capitis  ...

Cerebrospinal Fluid
...  product of the choroid plexus. The modified ependymal cells, blood vessels and the ventricular walls are responsible for the continuous secretion of the fluid. Once formed, it circulates from the lateral ventricles, third ventricle, aqueduct of Sylvius, to the fourth ventricle, foramina of the Magendie and Luschka and the subarachnoid space. To balance the normal volume, the venous sinuses in  ...

Diencephalon
...  total mass. The thalamus is divided into two lobes. Several nuclei make up each of the lobes of the organ. The basis of their naming depends on their position. You can have names such as the medial, lateral or central nuclei. Together with the basal ganglia and cerebellum, this part of the diencephalon is responsible for the movement coordination of the brain. Hypothalamus The hypothalamus lies  ...

Arteries of the Neck and Head
...  and these are the right subclavian artery and the left subclavian artery. They form the internal thoracic artery, the thyrocervical trunk, the vertebral artery, and the costocervical artery. At the lateral first rib border, the subclavian artery becomes the auxiliary artery, while the subclavian artery on the left provides the blood that goes to the left side of the upper chest and the left  ...

Arteries of the Shoulder
...  arteries differ from one person to another. However, as a general rule, this artery runs from the shoulder and straight to the elbow. It originates from the axillary artery, which is located on the lateral border of the body’s first rib. The brachial artery is located at the lower border of the teres major muscle, which is found just beneath the axillary artery. As it hits the  ...

Abducens Nerve
...  pairs is the abducens nerves. Anatomy books sometimes refer to the Abducens nerve as the “abducent nerve” or simply “abducens.” The abducens nerve innervates and controls the lateral rectus muscle of the eye. The lateral rectus muscle of the eye abducts the eye. This means that the muscle turns the eye outward. Where can you find the abducens nerve? There are two abducens  ...


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