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Penis
...  the urethra is more protected and can be injured only by significant compression. The glans of the penis is the major part of the organ. It has a distinctive cone shape consisting of the expanded corpus spongiosum. At the tip of the glans there is the urethral opening known as the urethral orifice. The glans of the penis is distinguished by posterior ridge. The skin of the penis is special.  ...

Nephron
...  are the functional units of the kidneys. To understand how your body eliminates the unwanted and excess substances, you have to understand the anatomy of the nephron and its function. Renal corpuscle Filtration The renal corpuscle is the primary area of blood filtration. It consists of the glomerulus and the bowman’s capsule. The glomerulus is the ball of coiled capillaries that  ...

Ovaries
...  can take. As a result, the mature follicle ruptures and releases the secondary oocyte. The release of the cell is called the ovulation. The ovulation often occurs on the mid-cycle of menstruation. corpus Luteum The corpus luteum is the remnant of the mature follicle after ovulation. The cells inside the structure secrete progesterone and a small amount of estrogen. The hormones prepare the  ...

Vagina
...  Also called the womb, the uterus is a pear-shaped and hollow organ that is used to house the baby of a pregnant woman. It has two pairs: the cervix, which opens up to the vaginal canal; and the corpus, which is the part that holds the baby. This acts as the first home that the baby inside a pregnant woman will ever have, meaning that every single one of us came from somebody’s uterus.  ...

Basal Nuclei
...  correct body posture without the properly-functioning basic nuclei. Primary Types There are two primary types of basal nuclei which are grouped together to perform one function. These are the corpus striatum and the substantia nigra. The corpus striatum differs from substantia nigra because it is found within the cerebrum, while the latter is found in the midbrain. Both of these types  ...

Spermatozoa
...  male reproductive system is composed of the following: male gonads or testes, epididymis, vas deferens, prostate gland, ejaculatory duct, seminal vesicle, penis, corpus cavernosum, and the urethra. The penis and the testes are the major reproductive organs of man, while the rest are part of the reproductive process. The vas deferens acts as the passageway of the sperm from the testes to the  ...

Ventricles Of The Brain
...  to each other, together with the spinal cord- particularly the central canal. The two lateral ventricles are situated together with the cerebrum in the same hemisphere, and is just under the corpus collosum. The third ventricle is located in the diencephalon, specifically in the thalami. These three ventricles are connected through an opening called the interventricular foramen. The  ...

Gonads
...  endocrine system because they facilitate endocrine functions. Aside from that, however, the ovaries are also tasked with the production of estrogen and progesterone (the female sex hormones). The corpus luteum and the ovarian follicles known as graafian produce estrogen. But, estrogen production is also seen in he adrenal cortex, the placenta and even in the male testes. This hormone has to  ...

Pituitary Hormones
...  The two hormones are focused on reproductive cells. Also called as the gonadotrophins, they are necessary to the process of reproduction for they stimulate ovulation, and the formation of the corpus luteum (in females). The luteinizing hormone secretes progesterone, too, another vital sex hormone. In the male body, the luteinizing hormone produces testosterone (and it’s called the  ...


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