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Lyme Disease
...  in order to completely remove the problem. However, in some cases wherein the patient has cardiac or neurological forms of illnesses, other types of drugs are to be used like penicillin or ceftriaxone. Still, the best cure to lyme disease is the same cure for all other diseases and illnesses: prevention. Avoid ticks and areas where ticks are common. Wear protection such as socks and denim  ...

Nerves
...  are a collection of nerve fibres in the central nervous system. Nerves are an enclosed bundle of peripheral axons. They are cable-like in appearance and they provide the pathway for nerve impulses that are transmitted along the axons. Nerves are found in the peripheral nervous system. All nerves have a cordlike structure and contain many axons. Each of these axons are surrounded the  ...

Spinal Nerves
...  Gross Anatomy When you analyze the anatomy of the spinal nerves, they come from the combination of the dorsal and ventral roots of the spinal cord. The dorsal roots represent the afferent sensory axons, which receives information; whereas the ventral roots represent the efferent sensory axon that will carry out the appropriate response. Most of the spinal nerves arise from the spaces in  ...

Axon
...  axon is a vital part of the motor neuron, which is responsible for conducting action potentials from one part of the spinal cord or brain to another portion. It is an elongated structure extending from the neuron. Without the axon, the neurons will not be able to perform their physiologic functions. These axons come in two types; the axons that render action potentials towards the central  ...

Parasympathetic Division
...  replenish itself and be ready for any sympathetic action that may ensue during perceived threats or emergencies. Process It cannot function properly, though, without these essential related parts. axons are found in preganglionic neurons to form a connection between spinal and cranial nerves, all the way to the terminal ganglia. The preganglions are cell bodies located in the oculomotor nerve,  ...

Cerebrum
...  body. These movements come from the primary motor cortex and the frontal lobe motor area of the brain, where these functions are planned. The upper motor neurons of the primary motor cortex transmit axons to the brain stem and the spinal cord which, in turn, synapses with the lower motor neurons. The cerebrum is also responsible for sensory processing. The cerebral cortex in the cerebrum is  ...

Myelination
...  as the white lipid protein that supports myelination of a certain ganglia. Myelination, on the other hand, is a process in which the neurolemmocyte or oligodendrocyte surrounds a certain part of the axon or dendrite. It occurs both in the central nervous system and the peripheral nervous system. Myelin creates the white matter that could be seen in the brain. It is also responsible for the  ...

Neurolgia
...  neurolemmocytes, microglia, ependymal, astrocytes and ganglionic gliocytes. Take a look at the characteristics of each. Neurolemmocytes - It makes up the myelin layers, the ones surrounding the axon cells in the peripheral nervous system. Oligodendrocytes - It has the same role with the neurolemmocytes, except for the fact that it works in the central nervous system. Microglia - It aids  ...

Neurons
...  have varieties - each having unique structure and function. However, it has few common characteristics. Neurons all have dendrites, enabling receptions and also an axon for the conduction of the nerve pulse. All these types give support (functional and structural) to the other types. Together with neuroglia, they compose the basic cell structure in the CNS, or the central nervous system.  ...

Synapse
...  is defined as the connection bridging the presynaptic neuron, its dendrite and the axon terminal. It is one of the vital parts of the communication process in the nerve, and this is a very functional connection. The axon terminal could be known by determining the synaptic vesicles and the immense quantity of mitochondria. The synapse is located at the farthest end of the presynaptic  ...


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