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Baclofen
...  is a generic drug that is used to treat some ill health conditions of the central nervous system. Disorders that are related to Spinal cord injuries are treated with this drug. Also, it is helpful for people who are suffering from spastic diplegia (a certain type of cerebral palsy), multiple sclerosis (a chronic disease that inflames the nervous system), amyotrophic lateral sclerosis  ...

Meningitis
...  is an inflammation of the membranes that are in charge of protecting and covering the brain and Spinal cord. There are many things that can cause such an inflammation; causes can range between infection by viruses, bacteria, other microorganisms and, less frequently, by certain drugs. Meningitis is a fatal disease which can be life threatening due to the inflammation's proximity to the  ...

Leukemia
...  of leukemic cells overpowers the bone marrow and enters the bloodstream. Eventually, these leukemic cells will invade the other parts of the body like the spleen, lymph nodes, liver, brain, and the Spinal cord. The four major kinds of leukemia are chronic, acute, lymphocytic, and myelegenous. The difference between acute chronic leukemia is that the former progress faster than the latter. The  ...

Nerves
...  to and from the central nervous system. Nerves can be further categorized based on where they are connected. The two categories are: Spinal nerves that are connected through the spinal column to the Spinal cord and Cranial nerves that are directly connected to the brainstem. Spinal nerves are given letter and number designations whereas cranial nerves are assigned roman numerals from 1 to 12.  ...

Spinal Nerves
...  designation C0 to avoid confusion with the cervical nerves. Gross Anatomy When you analyze the anatomy of the spinal nerves, they come from the combination of the dorsal and ventral roots of the Spinal cord. The dorsal roots represent the afferent sensory axons, which receives information; whereas the ventral roots represent the efferent sensory axon that will carry out the appropriate  ...

Peripheral Ganglia
...  ganglia are a group of cells found in the Peripheral Nervous System or PNS. The PNS is found in the periphery of the Central Nervous System or CNS. This exists outside the Spinal cord and the brain and is not enclosed with any protective structure. The peripheral ganglia have the following characteristics: Major Function The major function of the peripheral ganglia is to connect the  ...

Axon
...  axon is a vital part of the motor neuron, which is responsible for conducting action potentials from one part of the Spinal cord or brain to another portion. It is an elongated structure extending from the neuron. Without the axon, the neurons will not be able to perform their physiologic functions. These axons come in two types; the axons that render action potentials towards the central  ...

Parasympathetic Division
...  and cranial nerves, all the way to the terminal ganglia. The preganglions are cell bodies located in the oculomotor nerve, brainstem, vagus nerve, facial nerve, glossopharyngeal nerve, and in the Spinal cord. The terminal ganglia are found in the walls of the target organs at the pelvis, thorax and abdomen or in the head. Preganglionic neurons are produced in the spinal column and the brain.  ...

Neurotransmitters
...  and the platelets, is responsible for sleep induction and good mood. When the concentrations are elevated, it is often associated with delusions and schizophrenia. Glycine Glycine is found in the Spinal cord and the brain. This acts in an inhibitory manner in the Spinal cord and enters the neuron, resulting to Inhibitory Postsynaptic Potential or IPSP. Endorphins You can find these  ...

Cerebrum
...  of human interaction, speech and learning works in humans through the complex processes that occur in these areas. The olfactory, limbic and motor systems send fibres from the cerebrum to the Spinal cord and brainstem; the volitive and cognitive systems, in turn, sends fibres from the cerebrum to the thalamus to other regions of the brain. The cerebrum is actually responsible for all the  ...


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