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Dilantin
...  during the year 1938 to prevent seizures without causing sedation. It works as an effective anticonvulsive drug because it can reduce the flow of calcium ions and sodium into the brain’s Neurons. Those who buy Dilantin online can make their brains less excitable and increase the number of GABA neurotransmitters in their brains. Your body’s nerve cells are relying on the actions  ...

Pernicious Anemia
...  even tripled, and is given orally or intravenously. If preferred, Vitamin B12 could also be given through the nose. Giving Vitamin B12 supplements will treat anemia, and various complications in the Neurons. This would be a very effective way of treating the disorder, if detected in its early stage. Patients with gastric atrophy could also be administered supplements orally or intravenously.  ...

Nerves
...  tissues called epineurium. There are three categorizations for nerves: Afferent nerves, efferent nerves and mixed nerves. Afferent Nerves main purpose is to conduct signals from the sensory Neurons to the central nervous system while Efferent Nerves essentially conducts signals from the central nervous system. Mixed Nerves are a combination of these two; they conduct both incoming and  ...

Astrocytes
...  are the neuroglial cells of the central nervous system. They are the supporting structures for the main cell of the tissue, the Neurons. It derived its name from its star-shaped appearance. The big cell body with its branching processes provides the characteristic appearance of the cell. When viewed under the microscope, you can easily distinguish them by their shape. Physiologically,  ...

Peripheral Ganglia
...  and liver kidney along the pelvis area, which act as the target organs. The genital organs and small intestines are also involved and they respond to innervations initiated by the postganglionic Neurons. The peripheral ganglia are responsible in coordinating innervations coming from other organs and cells to the central nervous system. Protection is non-existent It is easily susceptible to  ...

Axon
...  which is responsible for conducting action potentials from one part of the spinal cord or brain to another portion. It is an elongated structure extending from the neuron. Without the axon, the Neurons will not be able to perform their physiologic functions. These axons come in two types; the axons that render action potentials towards the central nervous system or CNS, and those that  ...

Parasympathetic Division
...  any sympathetic action that may ensue during perceived threats or emergencies. Process It cannot function properly, though, without these essential related parts. Axons are found in preganglionic Neurons to form a connection between spinal and cranial nerves, all the way to the terminal ganglia. The preganglions are cell bodies located in the oculomotor nerve, brainstem, vagus nerve, facial  ...

Dual Innervation
...  nervous system is responsible for the “rest and digest” function of the body, while the sympathetic nervous system is responsible for the “fight or flight” function. The Neurons of these two systems both exist in organs and act as the homeostatic basis of physiologic responses. Here are some specific examples of dual innervations. Cooperative dual innervations  ...

Neurotransmitters
...  Morphine acts as an anesthetic agent and induces euphoria and a false sense of well-being. Gamma Amino Butyric Acid or GABA GABA inhibits almost 90 percent of non-glutamate receptors. Most Neurons in the central nervous system contain GABA receptors, which makes it the most common. Acetylcholine Acetylcholine is one of the more popular neurotransmitters and is found mostly in  ...

Visceral Effector Organs
...  is the effector organ? The effector organ is one of the five basic components of a reflex arc. The other four components are motor neuron, the sensory receptor, the sensory neuron, and the interNeurons. The motor neuron organizes the action. The sensory receptor recognizes the stimulus and sends it to the sensory neuron. The interNeurons, on the other hand, lie between two Neurons and  ...


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