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Hypertension
...  or "blood thinners" ( Warfarin sodium or Coumadin ); diuretics or "water pills" ( Furosemide or Lasix ); Vasodilators ( Nifedipine ( Procardia ) or Diltiazem ( Cardizem ); pulmonary smooth Muscle cell relaxants ( Sildenafil or Revatio ) etc. Fortunately, appropriate diagnosis and achievements of modern pharmaceutical industry give every patient experiencing pulmonary hypertension a  ...

Heart Attack
...  attack is diagnosed by integrating the history of the present illness and through physical examination accompanied by electrocardiogram findings and cardiac markers such as blood tests for heart Muscle cell damage. One procedure known as the coronary angiogram allows visualizations of heart vessels that are narrowing or have obstructions; then therapeutic measure can begin immediately. There  ...

Cardiac Muscle
...  are part of the three types of muscles in the body. The other two are the smooth and the skeletal muscles. It makes up the muscular layer of the heart. Each time the heart contracts, the individual Muscle cells shorten and thus, cause the continuous beating. In order to understand the functions better, take a look at it under the microscope. Histology The individual cardiac muscle has a  ...

Smooth Muscle
...  smooth Muscle cells are characterized by a single nucleus and a spindle-shaped figure. They are also non-striated and have no organized myofilaments. They are designed to contract simultaneously because of their organized muscle layers that are closely interconnected to each other. Functions of the Smooth Muscles The smooth muscles have several important functions. The most important is the  ...


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