Most commonly issued as Gabapentin, Neurontin is a medication used to treat certain seizure disorders. It also acts as a pain reliever, especially in the case of nerve conditions like herpes or the shingles. The components of the medication work together to relieve seizures and lessen pain in patients.
Not everybody can take Neurontin. As with other medications, a patient has to submit a thorough list of his or her medical history before prescription for the drug can be issued. In some cases where a patient has experienced heart disease, kidney disease or liver disease, prescription for the drug depends on the seriousness of the past condition and would require careful medical attention from your doctor.
Neurontin is classified as a pregnancy risk category C by the American Food and Drug Administration. This means that the medication may or may not lead to birth defects in a fetus. It can be absorbed into a nursing mother’s breast milk, too, and thus affect a nursing child. Therefore, doctors do not usually issue Neurontin to pregnant women. Those who stop using birth control pills should also inform their physicians before they consider using the medication.
Neurontin Side Effects
Neurontin, like other medications, has some side effects which can be considered quite serious. Naturally, patients who would be experiencing severe side effects from the medication should get medical attention as fast as they can. An allergic reaction is considered to be the gravest possible side effect from Neurontin. It would involve swelling of the face, the tongue, the lips and the mouth, hives and shortness of breath. Other severe effects from the medication cover vomiting, irregular eye movements, double vision, blurry vision, drowsiness, nausea, dizziness, tremors and poor coordination.
Neurontin is not recommended for children below 3 years old. Those who are between 3 to 12 must have immediate medical attention if they show signs of adverse emotions like hyperactivity, restlessness, hostility, amnesia, concentration problems and also if they manifest a noticeable increase in body movements.
There are side effects from the drug which are not termed severe. These are mild shaking, changes in vision, mild nausea and anxiety. But, patients who experience them should still tell their doctors about the reactions that they got from the drug. Sometimes, side effects can be prevented if the right dosage for the patient is determined.
Dosage And Administration
A patient that is taking Neurontin should take the medication exactly how the doctor ordered. If a patient missed a dosage, he or she should not take the forgotten dosage when he or she remembers. This would increase the chances of an overdose, especially if the next dose is coming up. Patients who overdose on Neurontin have to be delivered to the nearest possible hospital. Symptoms like double vision (along with vision problems), drowsiness, poor coordination, diarrhea, difficulty in breathing and slurred speech would show that a patient may have overdosed on the medication.
Neurontin is available in 100mg capsules, 300mg capsules, 400mg capsules, 250mg/5ml solution, 600mg tablets and 800mg tablets. Before prescription for the drug is issued, a complete medical history of the patient has to be checked. Also, if new medications would be taken, the patient has to let the doctor know. This is because Neurontin may not work well with other drugs in the patient’s system. It is known to work negatively with anxiety relievers, pain relievers, antidepressants, antacids, antihistamines, muscle relaxants, alcohol, sleeping aids and sedatives.
Neurontin’s molecular weight is 171.237 g/mol with molecular formula C9H17N02. Available brand names include Novo-Gabapentin, Gabapetin, Gapabentinum, Gabapentine, Gababentin and Aclonium.
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