Patients who are trying to overcome their alcoholism are treated using the medication Acamprosatum. Excessive alcohol taken throughout a long period of time can cause adverse effects to the human brain. The most apparent effect of this is the imbalance of chemicals called neurotransmitters.
In order to help the patient regain the stabilize these neurotransmitters, Acamprosatum is taken. It also helps the recovering alcoholic avoid alcohol intake by reducing the craving for the particular substance. Despite its benefits for the patient, Acamprosatum is not intended to relieve the withdrawal symptoms that occur along the patient’s road to sobriety.
While on medication, it is wise to avoid other substances that may lure the recovering alcoholic to relapse. This can be helped through attending support group and scheduled counseling. The efficacy of Acamprosatum depends largely on the willpower of the patient and the discipline to adhere to the prescribed dosage and schedule.
Acamprosatum Dosage And Administration
Acamprosatum is taken orally in the form of a tablet. This is usually prescribed three times a day, and the patient has the option of taking the medication with or without having eaten first. It is best taken at the same time every day, and the patient must not forget to take a dosage to ensure its efficacy.
Acamprosatum is taken whole. Because of this, the patient is advised to swallow the tablet whole with a glass of water to avoid breaking or chewing the tablet. Also, it is imperative that the medication be taken continuously and stopped only under the advice of a physician. Altering the prescribed dosage--whether it be more or less than the doctor required--should be prohibited without the doctor’s notice.
In the event that the recovering alcoholic misses a scheduled dose, the patient should immediately take the drug upon remembering. However, if the missed dosage is too close to the time for the next schedule dose, the following dose should be taken instead and the regular schedule should ensue.
Over dosage of Acamprosatum may lead to serious medical conditions and requires immediate medical attention. If you have missed a dose and the next dose is about to be taken, it is better to miss one dose and then take the next dose at it’s regular interval instead.
While on medication, it is best to maintain your sessions with your counselor. This will help you regain your normal life and keep you more in control of yourself. This will also help you to overcome withdrawals associated with treating alcoholism.
Acamprosatum Adverse Effects
There are some side effects associated with taking Acamprosatum. At the experience of any of the following, a patient must immediately inform the doctor. These symptoms are diarrhea, itching, rash, loss of appetite, weakness of limbs, nausea, and other forms of stomach or upset and flatulence. Although these symptoms are seemingly tolerable and not serious medical conditions, it is still best to notify the doctor in order to observe how the patient’s body responds to treatment.
More serious, though less common cases have been recorded to show that patients may develop depression while other treatment. These symptoms include emotional instability in the form of feelings of guilt, loss of interest, lethargy, anxiety, and an increase of suicidal thoughts. These more serious cases are not confined to psychological conditions as some kidney problems have been known to arise, although these cases are very few.
Reminders Before Using Acamprosatum
There are a few precautionary steps that the patient must take before using Acamprosatum. These are best discussed with the doctor in order for the patient to properly weigh the benefits and risks involved in taking the medication. One important precaution is to notify the doctor if any other medicine is used while undergoing the treatment. Vitamins, food supplements, alternative herbal medication, and prescription and nonprescription drugs should be known to the physician so that the interaction between these substances may be avoided.
The doctor is also required to know the health history of the patient. The patient may have an allergic reaction to Acamprosatum and this is easily discovered through a simple blood test. More serious health problems such as kidney and heart diseases should also be informed to the doctor to avoid possible complications caused by the medicine.
Pregnant women and breast-feeding mothers are advised to inform the doctor of their present conditions. This is because Acamprosatum may be harmful to the child. On the other hand, patients who are about to undergo surgery or major operations that require other kinds of medication are required to tell their doctor if they are using Acamprosatum.
Patients under medication are advised not to drive or operate machinery. Since Acamprosatum can cause dizziness and a lack of limb coordination, the risk of accidents while working is higher.
Acamprosatum has the following structural formula:
• Molecular formula of acamprosatum is C5H11NO4S
• Chemical IUPAC Name is 3-acetylaminopropane-1-sulfonic acid
• Acamprosatum available : 300mg tablets
• Molecular weight is 181.211 g/mol
Generic name: Acamprosate
Brand name(s): Campral, Aotal, Acamprosato
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