A runny nose is a very common illness that children generally encounter at one point in their lives. Although children are the most common people to suffer from runny noses, a good number of the American adult population are likely to undergo this illness once in a while. Because of this, people get confused on the real cause of these sniffles. The most common suppositions would be sinus infection and allergic reactions.
Most professionals dig into the possibility of allergies whenever they encounter a child that has a runny nose. Actually, a runny nose is one of the symptoms of hay fever. Generally, hay fever is just the simple term to call an illness that is caused by a series of allergic reactions. Some of the most common allergy symptoms are stuffy nose or nasal congestion, itchy nose, sneezing, and itching of the eyes.
During the first onset of a runny nose, it is important to treat it immediately. The main reason for this is because allergic reactions that are not halted immediately can worsen or linger, and can lead to the development of other illnesses. The usual scenario for children is the development of sore throat, headache and coughing. These symptoms are likely to give children an uncomfortable sleeping pattern, which can lead to daytime irritability. Because parents often confuse these symptoms with a sinus infection, they are likely to ignore them, causing the allergies to worsen over time.
Aside from these allergy symptoms, children who are exposed to substances that trigger allergic reactions will develop dark circles under their eyes. They will also develop a crease in the bottom of their noses, which is often called an allergic salute. So in order for parents to halt these annoying health problems, they should look for earlier signs of runny noses so that they will be able to give immediate treatment to possible allergy development.
However, though it is true that allergic reactions are the most common reasons for a runny nose, parents shouldn’t disregard the possibility of infections. Most children who are suffering from a runny nose might likely have viral upper respiratory tract infections. The symptoms of these infections are nasal congestion, runny nose that discharges thick yellow or green mucus, sore throat, cough, headache, and fever. A runny nose can also be a symptom of flu. Generally, flu symptoms are more severe than cold symptoms, and will include the development of fatigue, body aches and relatively high fever.
Aside from the two most common causes of a runny nose, there are other reasons why children suffer from this nasal problem. Some of these other causes are nasal polyps, deviated septum, enlarged adenoids, vasomotor rhinitis (which are triggered by excessive exposure to odours, smoke, foods, and temperature and humidity changes), and rhinitis medicamentosa (which is the result of long-term use of topical decongestants).
A runny nose can be the cause of other severe health conditions, so parents should always be aware of several possibilities in order to stop further development of worse illnesses.