Insulin is a particular hormone in our body which aids in the metabolism of carbohydrates, lipids, and proteins. Insulin is produced by beta cells which are scattered all throughout the pancreas, and this hormonw is very important in regulating all of the cells in the body. This hormone is very important in maintaining all the normal functions of the body, and keep people from developing future complications and illnesses.
However, there are times when the cells of the body become resistant to the effects of this particular hormone. This type of condition is termed as insulin resistance. What happens during this condition is that that body’s response to a given number of insulin is reduced. This means that in order for the body to function as effectively as before, the body needs higher levels of insulin production.
Through the years, there has been a long-standing debate about the cause of insulin resistance. The first assumption is that insulin resistance is due to some strong genetic factor. It is also thought that there are several medications that can trigger the development of insulin resistance. Usually, the development of insulin resistance can be seen in several conditions, like obesity, pregnancy, metabolic syndrome, severe illness and infection, stress, or the use of steroids.
Aside from the fact that insulin resistance is linked with abdominal obesity, high blood pressure, and elevated cholesterol, there are still other medical conditions that are believed to be associated with insulin resistance:
Type 2 Diabetes
Diabetes is usually a sign that insulin resistance is present in the body. Although the presence of insulin resistance can be noted long before the onset of diabetes, some people who do not go for medical consultations may likely experience the presence of insulin resistance in the form of type 2 diabetes.
Fatty liver is also one of these conditions that are greatly associated with insulin resistance. This particular accumulation of fat in the liver is actually an obvious manifestation that there is a disordered control of lipids. It is recommended to consult doctors before fatty liver gets worse and lead to cirrhosis of the liver, and eventually, liver cancer.
Women who are experiencing insulin resistance will have a difficulty in ovulation and conception. They are also prone to having irregular menses, or cessation of menses. On the other hand, men who have insulin resistance do not seem to have a problem with their reproductive abilities.
All of these given conditions associated with insulin resistance are just some of the many other conditions which are proofs that insulin resistance is not a very good health condition. Aside from this fact, there is a large group of people who are prone to the development of insulin resistance. People who are overweight and have a BMI of more than 25 have high chances of accumulating this particular condition. Additionally, people who are over 40 years of age are also prone to insulin resistance. Race is also a significant factor in the development of said condition, as it is believed that Latinos, African-Americans, Native Americans, and Asian Americans are prone to insulin resistance.