During recent decades the pace of human life has been changing so rapidly that our bodies have no possibility of getting accustomed to all the alterations taking place around us. As a result doctors all over the world face the fact that they cannot name definite causes and risks for developing a number of diseases. Sorry to say, pulmonary hypertension is one of the cases under discussion. Pulmonary hypertension is possible in individuals of all ages, races and sexes though it is frequently found in young adults. Women suffer from pulmonary hypertension approximately twice as often as men do.
It is generally believed that constant emotional stress, irregular meals, poor ecological environment and lack of physical activity day by day undermine our immune system. It is possible that all these factors combined create a favorable ground for acquiring pulmonary hypertension.
Pulmonary hypertension is a serious lung disorder where the arteries carrying blood from the heart to the lungs become narrowed. These arteries are called pulmonary arteries and give the name to the health disorder.
The blood flows through the vessels with difficulties and the blood pressure rises above normal levels. As a result the right ventricle of the heart is always strained and in the course of time it expands in size. Becoming ever weaker the right ventricle is unable to pump enough blood to the lungs. This can result in right heart failure.
It is important to remember that causes of pulmonary hypertension are not quite clear. It is unknown what starts the damaging process but the trigger for the disease is injury of the layer of cells that line the small vessels of the lungs. Consequently the smooth muscle normally interacting with these cells contracts more and narrows the vessel. Scientists name some medical conditions as a cause of pulmonary hypertension - chronic liver diseases; rheumatic disorders; lung diseases; heart diseases and genetic predisposition.
The pulmonary hypertension symptoms typically occur when the condition of patient’s blood vessels is rather poor. First of all, people experiencing pulmonary hypertension become short of breath doing simple everyday activities – walking, climbing a few stairs etc. Fatigue, dizziness and fainting are also usual pulmonary hypertension symptoms. Swollen legs, ankles and abdomen, chest pain, irregular heart beat, bluish lips and skin occurring when the person is strained are also important signs of pulmonary hypertension. If the disease is at its advanced stage the slightest activity will produce some of the symptoms.
The main pulmonary hypertension medications are anticoagulants or "blood thinners" ( Warfarin sodium or Coumadin ); diuretics or "water pills" ( Furosemide or Lasix ); Vasodilators ( Nifedipine ( Procardia ) or Diltiazem ( Cardizem ); pulmonary smooth muscle cell relaxants ( Sildenafil or Revatio ) etc. Fortunately, appropriate diagnosis and achievements of modern pharmaceutical industry give every patient experiencing pulmonary hypertension a real chance of returning to normal healthy life.