Hemophilia is a disorder in the blood that is characterized with problem in blood clotting. Thus, a person suffering from this kind of disorder should not, in any way get even a minor cut. Even a very small cut in the skin could cause serious bleeding because of the person’s inability to clot blood during cuts and scrapes.
Clotting is the process in which the blood goes in a particular order, changes from liquid to solid form, which later causes scabs for the prevention of blood to leave the body. Although small cuts for a hemophiliac is manageable, internal or joint bleeding, and deep cuts could become very dangerous to them.
Manifestations of hemophilia could either be mild or severe. Coagulation factors, which aid the body’s clotting process could be normal or low. Those having low coagulation factors most likely experienced spontaneous and heavy bleeding. To name a few of the symptoms associated with hemophilia: large and deep bruises of unknown origin, pain and swelling of the joints, prolonged bleeding, blood in the stool or in the urine, nosebleed and many others.
Some of these, if not given prompt medical attention, could be life threatening. Should someone with hemophilia experiences any of these: stiffness or swelling of the joints, headache, constant vomiting, double vision, extreme fatigue, neck pain or excessive and irrational bleeding from an injury, the patient should be taken to the nearest doctor and seek medication.
In the case of babies, signs of hemophilia - bruises and other signs are most likely seen during six to ten months, where activity is increased.
What Causes Hemophilia?
There is a variety of 20 coagulating factors in the blood which function distinctively by the time a person becomes injured. A hemophiliac has a certain defective coagulating factor, or a factor that is not produced by his/her blood.
Hemophilia is a hereditary, and there is no other way to acquire it but through the genes. Parents having hemophilia passes a defective gene for the child to become a hemophiliac.
Unborn babies could be tested to determine whether or not they have hemophilia. A blood test could help the parents determine hemophilia, or the lacking coagulating factor. Those having mild hemophilia are mostly not diagnosed, and could live normally unless they should be required of a surgery or a tooth extraction within their lifetime.
Treatment - Can Hemophilia Be Cured?
Hemophilia cannot be cured, however, there are several steps to be done for the patient to avoid the complications associated with this blood disorder. Patients could regularly receive blood transfusions, and take coagulating medications orally or intravenously to lessen the blood coming out of an injury.
What To Do If You Have Hemophilia
Regular exercise is advised for patients with hemophilia. However, they should avoid those sports that have high risks of getting an injury. Patients should also be particular with their dental hygiene to avoid tooth decay, and later on, tooth extraction- one of the things that would cause severe bleeding among hemophiliacs. Blood thinning medications, and pain relievers such as aspirin or ibuprofen should not be taken as well.
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