Women in general have this lingering fear in them that they may develop breast cancer in the long run. Breast cancer is able to elicit fears related to surgery, loss of body image and sexuality, and death. Unfortunately, like most cases of cancer, the exact cause of breast cancer cannot be determined. Aside from that, there is currently no known cure for the treatment of this advanced disease, and there is also no way of preventing its occurrence.
Breast cancer is actually the second leading cause of deaths by cancer among women in the United States, next only to lung cancer. It is believed that one of eight women have high risks of developing breast cancer. The risk is even higher for women who have previous experience of breast cancer, those who have first-degree relatives, those who have several family members with cancer, and those who have inherited the so-called cancer genes.
Because of the fear that breast cancer induces, researchers have made it sure that our knowledge of breast cancer continues to expand. Due to this, there are now new medications being developed to reduce the risk of breast cancer affecting a large popularity of women. Some of the most common breast cancer prevention methods are changes in lifestyle, healthy diet, exercise, cautious use of selected antioxidants, and weight reduction exercises. However, even today, the most important strategy to breast cancer survival is still breast screening and early detection.
Two of the most common risk factors associated with breast cancer are gender and age. Men can also develop breast cancer, but women are a hundred times more likely to develop this dreaded illness. Also, breast cancer is more likely to develop in women who are approaching their 50s rather than women who are only in their early 20s.
Another common risk factor is by having first-degree women relatives who have breast cancer or male relatives who have prostate cancer. The risk is especially higher when both the daughter and the mother have had breast cancer before. The risk is also higher when you have multiple members in your family who have other cancers, as the genetic defect may cause you to undergo the same situation.
Radiation therapy is also a risk factor in the occurrence of breast cancer. Women who have a previous history of radiation therapy to the chest essential to the treatment of another cancer also have a high chance of developing breast cancer, particularly if the radiation therapy was done during their childhood. Hormonal factors are also determinants to the occurrence of breast cancer. Women who had their menstrual periods before age 12, those who had their menopause after age 55, those who had late pregnancies, and those who never had children have mild chances of developing breast cancer.
High fat diets and excessive alcohol consumption are also common risk factors in the development of breast cancer. However, cigarette smoking, antiperspirant use, caffeine intake, and stress appear to have no significant contributions to the worsening of breast cancer conditions.
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