The Addison’s disease Explained in Simpler Terms
The Addison’s disease is a medical condition experienced by people whose adrenal glands are generating insufficient levels of specific adrenal hormones. Their adrenal glands usually produce inadequate amounts of cortisol and aldosterone. The production of cortisol is responsible for regulating brood pressure, maintaining healthy sugar levels, and preserving your immune system. Meanwhile, aldosterone regulates the electrolytes in your body, assists in the excretion of potassium and re-absorption of sodium into the body.
This medical condition is actually life-threatening. If you want to know more about Addison’s disease, it is important to understand its different symptoms as well as some of its common causes.
Common causes of Addison’s disease
According to scientific studies, some of the common causes of this disease results from damage to the adrenal cortex. Such damages cause the cortex to produce fewer hormones than your body needs.
Damage to the adrenal cortex could be caused by an autoimmune disease, infections such as HIV, tuberculosis, and fungal infections, tumors, blood loss or haemorrhaging, and the use of anticoagulants or blood-thinning drugs.
Those who are at risk of this disease are those who have chronic thyroiditis, Graves’ disease, hypopituitarism, type I diabetes, and vertigo in their medical histories. Some genetic defects could also cause this kind of condition.
Symptoms related to Addison’s disease
Some symptoms related to this medical condition include chronic diarrhea, patchy skin colors, changes in blood pressure or heart rate, loss of appetite, fatigue, and lesions in the inside of the cheeks. People who have developed this disease also exhibit other symptoms such as nausea and vomiting, continuous weight loss, paleness, and beyond normal craving for salt and salty food.
Treatments used for people with Addison’s disease
Since levels of cortisol produced by the body are significantly lower due to Addison’s disease, patients are recommended to take corticosteroids for boosting the amounts of hormones that adrenal glands produce. These pharmaceutical products are also used for controlling the symptoms of this disease. With lifelong hormone replacement therapies, people who have developed Addison’s disease are already able to lead normal lives.
A correct dosage of adrenal hormone supplements is important in order to prevent further medical complications. In addition, patients undergoing this kind of treatment are required to take these maintenance medicines for the rest of their lives. They are also advised to never skip doses of their medication since it could cause life-threatening reactions.
It is important to contact a healthcare provider when infections and injuries are present during occasions of treatment. Those who are unable to keep their medication due to vomiting and patients who start developing new symptoms are also advised to contact healthcare providers as soon as possible.
It is also helpful to learn how to inject hydrocortisone during stressful situations in order to prevent the risks caused by delayed dosages of this pharmaceutical product.
These are the most important things you should know about the Addison’s disease. Whether you want to avoid developing this medical condition or you want to treat it with the use of hormone replacement therapies, it is always important to seek guidance from skilled doctors and medical physicians.
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