Male Reproductive System

Human anatomy > Male Reproductive System

The male reproductive system is one of the necessary components in the human reproductive process. It consists of external organs like the penis and the scrotum, and several internal organs like the vas deferens and the prostate. While not as complex as the female reproductive system, the male reproductive system still plays a vital role in human reproduction.

Male Reproductive System

The Penis

The penis is the most visible part of the male reproductive system. It is primarily used for penetration during the act of sexual intercourse. The penis has three parts; namely, the base, the shaft and the head. The base is the lower part of the penis while the shaft is the cylindrical part of the organ. The head, also known as the glans, is the most sensitive part of the penis. It is also the part where urine and semen comes out. The penis has many blood vessels that fill with blood prior to intercourse. This makes the organ rigid enough for penetration. Ejaculation usually occurs when the penis is inside the vagina, allowing the sperm cells in the semen a means of getting into the female reproductive system for fertilization.

The Scrotum and the Testes

The scrotum is the pouch of skin located beneath the penis. This is also where the testicles are located. The scrotum encloses the testicles while allowing enough ventilation for heat exchange. This is important since the testes works best in cooler conditions. High temperatures can result in a large decrease in sperm count.

The testicles are where the sperm is produced. Testicles continue to produce sperm cells every day. It is connected to the rest of the male reproductive system via little tubes called the epididymis. Sperm cells exit the testicles through the epididymis and go on to enter the vas deferens.

The Vas Deferens

The vas deferens is a tube that sperm cells pass through before entering the urethra. Seminal vesicles can also be found attached to the vas deferens, helping the sperm cells become more mobile. The fluids secreted by the seminal vesicles help add volume to the male ejaculate. This makes it easier for the sperm cells to move around, increasing the chances of fertilization.

The Prostate

The prostate is a very small gland that can be found under the bladder. The prostate is responsible for producing fluid that can add to the volume of the ejaculate. This fluid helps sperm cells move around, increasing the chances of fertilization. The prostate is also a very sensitive organ and many people refer to it as the male version of the G-Spot.

All of these organs work together to make human reproduction possible. Without the male reproductive system, reproduction would not be possible since it takes genetic material from both males and females to create a living human being. If you plan on having children in the future, then it is vitally important that you take care of your reproductive system. It provides an essential role in delivering your half of the genetic material required for fertilization. 


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